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Chapter VI – Independent supervisory authorities (Art. 51-59)

Art. 51 GDPR - Supervisory authority arrow_right_alt

  1. Each Member State shall provide for one or more independent public authorities to be responsible for monitoring the application of this Regulation, in order to protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of natural persons in relation to processing and to facilitate the free flow of personal data within the Union (‘supervisory authority’).
  2. Each supervisory authority shall contribute to the consistent application of this Regulation throughout the Union. For that purpose, the supervisory authorities shall cooperate with each other and the Commission in accordance with Chapter VII.
  3. Where more than one supervisory authority is established in a Member State, that Member State shall designate the supervisory authority which is to represent those authorities in the Board and shall set out the mechanism to ensure compliance by the other authorities with the rules relating to the consistency mechanism referred to in Article 63.
  4. Each Member State shall notify to the Commission the provisions of its law which it adopts pursuant to this Chapter, by 25 May 2018 and, without delay, any subsequent amendment affecting them.
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  • 119

Recital 117

The establishment of supervisory authorities in Member States, empowered to perform their tasks and exercise their powers with complete independence, is an essential component of the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of their personal data. Member States should be able to establish more than one supervisory authority, to reflect their constitutional, organisational and administrative structure.

Recital 119

Where a Member State establishes several supervisory authorities, it should establish by law mechanisms for ensuring the effective participation of those supervisory authorities in the consistency mechanism. That Member State should in particular designate the supervisory authority which functions as a single contact point for the effective participation of those authorities in the mechanism, to ensure swift and smooth cooperation with other supervisory authorities, the Board and the Commission.

Art. 52 GDPR - Independence arrow_right_alt

Art. 53 GDPR - General conditions for the members of the supervisory authority arrow_right_alt

Art. 54 GDPR - Rules on the establishment of the supervisory authority arrow_right_alt

Art. 55 GDPR - Competence arrow_right_alt

Art. 56 GDPR - Competence of the lead supervisory authority arrow_right_alt

Art. 57 GDPR - Tasks arrow_right_alt

Art. 58 GDPR - Powers arrow_right_alt

Art. 59 GDPR - Activity Reports arrow_right_alt